Monitoring fish assemblages and artisanal fisheries at Italian Marine Protected Areas
marine protected areas; marine reserves; fish communities; artisanal fisheries, management; ecological effectiveness
ECOMERS, University Nice-Sophia Antipolis, France (thanks to the agreement with CoNISMa, the Interuniversitary National Consortium of Marine Sciences, Italy)
MPAs of Tavolara-Punta Coda Cavallo and Torre Guaceto (http://www.conisma.it) – 37.000 €
January 1st – December 31st, 2017
- The goal of the project is to investigate and monitor, in space and time, the differences: 1) in fish assemblages along a gradient of protection (i.e. no-take, partial reserves and areas open to fishing outside the MPAs’ boundaries); 2) in artisanal fishing catches within MPAs (i.e. in partial reserves where fishing is permitted but regulated) and outside 'fished' areas.
- In order to do that, our work involves: 1) gathering fish data (species richness, abundance, size distribution, biomass) using non-destructive underwater visual census on rocky reefs according to ad-hoc sampling designs; 2) gathering artisanal fishing data, especially using trammels as standard gears, to make it possible to compare data in time and among MPAs.
- The results of this monitoring study have the potential to help improve/refine local management of MPAs, share experiences and good practices, and adopt standardized methods across the MPAs investigated.