MEDAM: Mediterranean French Coast (Inventory and impact of land reclamation)
Home page of the MEDAM web site
Evolution of reclaimed areas on the French coasts of Mediterranean Sea
marine habitat loss, human impact, coastal waters
ECOMERS /University Nice Sophia Antipolis
A. Meinesz

Regional Direction of the French Ministry of Environment (Direction régionale de l’Environnement, de l’Aménagement et du Logement)

Region Provence Alpes Côte d’Azur

Regional agency of Water (Agence Régionale de l’Eau

36.000 € global budget to ECOMERS.


September 1st 2015 – April 27th 2017

Any land reclamation at sea radically changes or totally destroys underwater habitats, via creating (submerged or emerged) artificial structures or enclosing water bodies. Land reclamations are more and more frequent and important in size, and represent a major source of impact for many coastal shallow habitats. The point is that such habitat losses are irreversible. The assessment of the overall impact of land reclamation along the French coast has been undertaken on the basis of an exhaustive inventory of:

Situation in 2014 - Coastline ‘artificialized’: 228.31 km (11.10 %); Surface areas reclaimed between 0 et -10 m : 4 164.67 ha (5.16 % ) ; 0 / -20 m : 5 112.46 ha (3.03 %).

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